ENTRY REQUIREMENTS FOR ARCTIC & GATEWAY COUNTRIES
Different gateway countries have different entry requirements depending on the traveler’s citizenship or country of residence, so it’s always helpful to check with each country’s embassy for the most up-to-date visa requirements. That being said, all countries require travelers to have a passport valid for at least 6 months after your trip ends. Here are some other entry requirements for major Arctic gateway countries:
- Passports: Most international travelers require a passport to enter Canada. U.S. citizens at land and sea borders have other options, such as an enhanced driver's license, permanent resident card or NEXUS card. To further check out approved identification documents, check with the Canada Border Services (www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca).
- Visas: Visitors from certain countries require a visa to enter Canada. Travelers who do not require a visa, with the exception of U.S. citizens, require an Electronic Travel Authorization. Travelers must apply for an eTA before traveling.
ICELAND: A Schengen country, Iceland requires a valid passport and return ticket but no visa for American and Canadian travelers as well as others for a temporary stay less than 90 days. Check with the Directorate of Immigration for more information on who does and does not need a visa.
FINLAND: As another Schengen country, U.S. citizens require a valid passport but do not require a visa for a visit for up to 90 days.
SWEDEN: Another Schengen country, Canadian and American citizens require a valid passport but do not require a visa for a visit for up to 90 days.
GREENLAND & DENMARK: Greenland the the surrounding Faroe Islands are not party to the Schengen Agreement, but to visit Greenland and the Arctic beyond, you’ll enter Denmark—a Schengen country. To visit Greenland, Canadian and American citizens a passport valid for at least 6 months beyond your stay in Greenland and return ticket are required, but they do not require a visa for stays up to 90 days.
NORWAY/SPITSBERGEN: Norway is party to the Schengen agreement, so the same visa and passport rules of Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, and Finland apply. That being said, the Svalbard region consisting of several major and minor islands standing between Norway and the North Pole are excluded to the Schengen agreement.
RUSSIA: U.S. citizens require a valid U.S. passport and valid entry and exit visas issued by the Russian Consulate or Embassy. There are different types of Russian visas, so it’s important to check with your country’s Russian embassy to obtain the appropriate visas in well in advance of your travels.